Pregnancy and Varicose Veins
There are a number of reasons why women get varicose veins during pregnancy.
First, the volume of blood circulating in the body increases to help support your growing baby. However, veins don’t have a way to accommodate the extra volume so sometimes the veins bulge, itch, are painful to touch, or hurt when you stand for a long time.
Secondly, the hormones released during pregnancy can cause the vein walls to weaken — thus contributing to symptoms in the legs such as leg fatigue, leg heaviness, and leg cramping.
Third, another factor which contributes to the vein appearance is that your growing uterus and baby put pressure on the large vein that runs back up to the heart. The added pressure can cause leg and ankle swelling, numbness, tingling, and leg pain.
Finally, varicose veins or venous insufficiency is hereditary — a parent or grandparent usually has vein issues and passes it down.
Unfortunately, there is not much that can be done to prevent varicose veins during pregnancy but there are certain things you can do to alleviate discomfort until the veins can be properly treated after giving birth.
During pregnancy, it is important not to sit or stand in one place for too long.
Sometimes after pregnancy, vein problems can improve on their own. More often than not, however, symptoms persist, especially if you have a family history of vein issues such as venous insufficiency. After pregnancy, varicose veins can be safely treated. It is important to have your veins evaluated by a specialist in order to ensure that you are not at risk for complications associated with venous disease.